The importance of the Japanese who came to Brazil is undeniable. However, the descent of Japanese descendants to Japan (the dekasseguis) also has a prominent place.
Currently, about 300,000 dekasseguis are in Japan. About 150,000 of them left the State of São Paulo to work in the country of origin of their parents or grandparents. “In 2005, the dekasseguis sent here $ 1.25 billion. The amount is equal to or greater than international investments announced by large companies, “says the state coordinator of the festivities of the centennial of immigration.
Most of these remittances have the purpose of paying the expenses of family members who live in Brazil. About 30% of the total, however, is earmarked for investment in small businesses or real estate purchases. “This money comes to be spent here and helps to activate our economy,” notes Andrade.
Source: Government Portal of São Paulo – Cintia Cury
30/11/2006 – Remittances continue to boost economy
Brazilians living abroad will send around US $ 7 billion in remittances to Brazil by the end of this year. Of that total, the dekasseguis are expected to be responsible for $ 2.6 billion, an increase of approximately 15 percent over the previous year, when the numbers hit $ 2.2 billion. The data are part of a study released by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) on the shipments of Latin Americans sent to their countries of origin.
The estimated total to be sent by Latin Americans in 2006, according to the IDB, will be about $ 45 billion, a 50% increase over 2004. Two years ago, a similar study indicated that shipments of totaled US $ 30 billion. The Brazilian index is the largest in South America, but falls well short of the Mexican, for example, which reaches US $ 20 billion.
“They send almost US $ 1,000 per shipment, an amount about ten times higher than the average sent by workers from other countries, which generates an increase in wealth for the country by encouraging employment in the receiving regions of this amount,” explains the IDB sector specialist, Luciano Schweizer. Although the dekassegui movement is far from the peak days, the amount sent by them contributes to the economic development of many municipalities whether in the heating of the real estate sector, whether in the commerce or in other activities.
These resources are channeled in different ways by the various Brazilian regions. According to expert estimates based on the amount sent last year, the approximately 70,000 dekasseguis coming from Paraná, for example, were responsible for an injection of no less than $ 650 million in 2005 in that state. For the regions of Maringá and Londrina were sent about US $ 130 million and US $ 260 million, respectively. Curitiba already had $ 260 million. “These remittances are positive for the country and expressive in the question of job creation, but it is still difficult to measure, in Curtiba, that it is a large city, what is the percentage that this represents for the economic development of the city” , explains the councilman Rui Hara.
According to Marcos Aurélio Gonçalves, from Sebrae Paraná, money covers the most varied sectors of the local economy. (99%), such as video stores, bars and snack bars, clothing, franchises, perfumeries and lottery houses, “said the company.” The first is real estate, followed by investments in the financial market. explains.
In São Paulo, the value reaches US $ 1.25 billion
The State of São Paulo, according to estimates, receives most of the shipments sent from Japan. According to Silmar Pereira, national coordinator of the Dekassegui Entrepreneur Project, it is difficult to establish the exact value, but considering the total figure sent by the dekasseguis and taking into account that more than half of the workers in Japan are from this state, the projection is that this amount reaches US $ 1.25 billion.
PARANÁ: US $ 650 million
Curitiba US $ 260 million
Londrina US $ 260 million
Maringá US $ 130 million
MATO GROSSO DO SUL: US $ 100 million
SAO PAULO: US $ 1.25 billion
FOR: US $ 25 million
* Estimates made from remittances sent by Brazilians in 2005 according to IDB data.
24/01/2006 – Dekasseguis sent to Brazil US $ 581 million in 2005
According to the Economic Department of the Central Bank, the volume of remittances of money from Brazilians in Japan to the country of origin reached the mark of 581 million dollars in 2005. Brazilians in the United States made remittances in the order of 1.349 billion dollars.
Unilateral resource transfers reached $ 3.598 billion. The highest volume of transfers since 1995.
07/04/2005 – US $ 2.2 billion will be sent by dekasseguis to Brazil
Japan’s remittances to Brazil are expected to hit $ 2.2 billion, according to a study by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). This represents 83% of the total sent from Japan to Latin America. The institution said that Latin American immigrants working in Japan for receiving higher salaries should increasingly become a major source of capital for the region.
The study also shows that:
– The average salary of Latino workers in Japan is nearly $ 50,000 per year, about double that of US workers in the region.
– More than half of the people who send money from Japan to Latin America are 35 years old or younger.
– Workers usually send almost 20% of their wages.
– Today, more than 435,000 Latino adults live in Japan.
– About 70% of them send money home on a regular basis ($ 600 per shipment).
The survey was conducted in February with 1,070 Latin American adults living in Japan.
04/26/2005 – Half of two dekasseguis plans to open business in Brazil
About 50% of Japanese-Brazilians who emigrate to Japan to work intend to return to Brazil to start a business of their own. The finding came from the research on dekasseguis applied in Brazil and Japan with scientific methodology developed by ABD (Brazilian Association of Dekasseguis), in partnership with Sebrae. The dekassegui community represents a contingent of approximately 268,000 people that sends about US $ 2 billion a year to Brazil.
Since most of those who return to Brazil and start a business have not been very successful, this research was carried out to better understand the profile of the entrepreneurial dekassegui and citizen in three moments: before the departure to Japan, living in Japan and back to the Brazil. According to the survey, among those who emigrate to Japan, 70% are under 40 and 11.4.6% of men and 12.8% of women have completed higher education. In Japan, they work on average 60 hours a week, with 63% of men and 43.8% of women intending to return to Brazil and open their own business. Returning to savings and living on incomes and work was the second most favored alternative.
Among the respondents who returned, 39.3% of men and 26% of women are already doing business and around 13% have not opened yet but wish to have a business of their own. Of those who are already entrepreneurs, only 14.6% of men and 8.2% of women say that they have succeeded in their enterprise.
source: ABD – Brazilian Association of Dekasseguis
03/08/04 – DEKASSEGUIS SENT US $ 800 MILLION TO BRAZIL BY THE BB IN THE LAST YEAR
– The Dekasseguis sent the land last year, through the Bank of Brazil, about $ 800 million. A fortune, considering that worldwide the figure has reached a total of US $ 1.8 billion. More than half, therefore, was sent by our compatriots from Japan. Second note published on the site “Invertia”, the value may be higher, since the survey of the banking institution considers only the formal shipments. Brazilians who tried to live in the US and Portugal also sent their dollars to Brazil, but in much smaller amounts: US $ 360 million and US $ 150 million, respectively. See more in “Invertia”: http://br.invertia.com/noticias/noticia.aspx?idNoticia=200407271547_GZM_27748266&idtel;
MORE OF THE HALF OF THE DEKASSEGUIS WANTS HIMSELF OWN BUSINESS, SAY RESEARCH
About 50% of dekasseguis intend to return to Brazil to start a business of their own. This is the main finding of the research conducted at the beginning of the year by ABD (Brazilian Association of Dekasseguis) in partnership with Sebrae (Brazilian Service of Support to Micro and Small Companies). According to a report published in the Invertia finance portal, 63% of men and 43.8% of women intend to return to Brazil and open their own business. Returning to savings and living on incomes and work was the second most favored alternative. See more details in the Invertia portal: http://br.invertia.com/noticias/noticia.asp?idNoticia=200405311438_GZM_27679627&idtel;=
Also read: Dekasseguis in Brazil and Japan are the research theme of Sebrae and ABD
What is DEKASSEGUI = Foreign worker residing temporarily in Japan .
They seek mainly Financial Independence by becoming proprietors of Real Estate, commercial stores, restaurants, snack bars, franchises, Industries, workshops, service providers, that is, being DONORS of their OWN BUSINESSES. For the simple fact that when they return to Brazil, they do not find any type of salaried service that earns the equivalent of what they earn in Japan. On average, they seek business around US $ 50 thousand dollars.
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Assisting Dekassegui in his new venture in returning to Brazil when acquiring a Business.
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